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Autori: I. Balin, I. Serikov, S. Bobrovnikov, V. Simeonov B. Calpini, Y. Arshinov and H. van den Bergh
Editorial: Applied Physics B: Lasers and Optics, 76, 6, p.775-782, 2004.
Implementation of the pure-rotational Raman (PRR) lidar method for simultaneous measurement of atmospheric temperature, humidity, and aerosol extinction and backscatter coefficients is reported. The isolation of two wavelength domains of the PRR spectrum and the suppression of the elastically scattered light is carried out by a double-grating polychromator. Experiments involving elastic backscatter from dense clouds and a solid target confirm the high level of suppression of the elastic light in the corresponding acquisition channels of the two selected PRR domains. Calibration of the temperature channel was done both by comparison with an experimentally verified atmospheric temperature model profile and by inter-comparison with radiosondes. Night-time temperature profiles with high vertical resolution were obtained up to the lower stratosphere. The PRR temperature profile combined with the water vapor mixing ratio obtained from the ro-vibrational Raman channel is used to estimate the relative humidity.
PACS 42.68.Wt; 42.68.Mj; 33.20.Fb
Cuvinte cheie: LIDAR Raman, // RAMAN LIDAR, Jungfraujoch, temperature, water vapor, extinction, backscatter