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Biotechnology-a sustainable alternative for chemical industry

Domenii publicaţii > Stiinte ingineresti + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Maria Gavrilescu, Yusuf Chisti

Editorial: Elsevier, Biotechnology Advances, 23, p.471-499, 2005.


This review outlines the current and emerging applications of biotechnology, particularly in the
production and processing of chemicals, for sustainable development. Biotechnology is bthe
application of scientific and engineering principles to the processing of materials by biological
agentsQ. Some of the defining technologies of modern biotechnology include genetic engineering;
culture of recombinant microorganisms, cells of animals and plants; metabolic engineering; hybridoma
technology; bioelectronics; nanobiotechnology; protein engineering; transgenic animals and plants;
tissue and organ engineering; immunological assays; genomics and proteomics; bioseparations and
bioreactor technologies. Environmental and economic benefits that biotechnology can offer in
manufacturing, monitoring and waste management are highlighted. These benefits include the
following: greatly reduced dependence on nonrenewable fuels and other resources; reduced potential
for pollution of industrial processes and products; ability to safely destroy accumulated pollutants for
remediation of the environment; improved economics of production; and sustainable production of
existing and novel products.

Cuvinte cheie: Durabilitate in industrie, biotehnologie, substante chimice, biocatalizatori, mediu inconjurator // industrial sustainability, biotechnology, chemicals, biocatalysts, environment