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The Cognitive, Emotional and Social Impacts of the September 11th Attacks: Group Differences in Memory for the Reception Context and the Determinants of Flashbulb Memory

Domenii publicaţii > Ştiinţe sociale + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Luminet, O., Curci, A., Marsh, E. J., Wessel, I., Constantin, T., Gencoz, F., & Yogo, M.

Editorial: JOURNAL OF GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY', 131(3), , p.197-224, 2004.


The authors examined group differences in memories for hearing the news
of and reactions to the September 11 attacks in 2001. They measured memory for reception
context (immediate memory for the circumstances in which people first heard the
news) and 11 predictors of the consistency of memory for reception context over time
(flashbulb memory). Shortly after 9/11, a questionnaire was distributed to 3,665 participants
in 9 countries. U.S. vs. non-U.S. respondents showed large differences in self-rated
importance of the news and in memory for event-related facts. The groups showed moderate
differences in background knowledge and emotional-feeling states. Within non-U.S.
groups, there were large differences for emotional-feeling states and moderate differences
for personal rehearsal, background knowledge, and attitudes toward the United States. The
authors discuss the implications of those findings for the study of group differences in
memory and for the formation of flashbulb memories.

Cuvinte cheie: emotions, group comparisons, memory, September 11