Autori: Obreja O, Rathee PK, Lips KS, Distler C, Kress M.
Editorial: FASEB J, 16, p.1497-503, 2002.
Interleukin 1 beta (IL-1 beta) is a proinflammatory cytokine that maintains thermal hyperalgesia and facilitates the release of calcitonin gene-related peptide from rat cutaneous nociceptors in vivo and in vitro. Brief applications of IL-1 beta to nociceptive neurons yielded a potentiation of heat-activated inward currents (Iheat) and a shift of activation threshold toward lower temperature without altering intracellular calcium levels. The IL-1 beta-induced heat sensitization was not dependent on G-protein-coupled receptors but was mediated by activation of protein kinases. The nonspecific protein kinase inhibitor staurosporine, the specific protein kinase C inhibitor bisindolylmaleimide BIM1, and the protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein reduced the sensitizing effect of IL-1 beta whereas negative controls were ineffective. RT-PCR and in situ hybridization revealed IL-1RI but not RII expression in neurons rather than surrounding satellite cells in rat dorsal root ganglia. IL-1 beta acts on sensory neurons to increase their susceptibility for noxious heat via an IL-1RI/PTK/PKC-dependent mechanism.
Cuvinte cheie: heat hyperalgesia, peripheral sensitization, cytokine, patch clamp, kinases