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Autori: C. Jozwiak, C. -H. Park, K. Gotlieb, D. -H. Lee, S. G. Louie, J. D. Denlinger, C. R. Rotundu, R. J. Birgeneau, Z. Hussain, and A. Lanzara
Editorial: Macmillan Publishers Limited, Nature Physics, 9, p.293, 2013.
Recently discovered materials called three-dimensional topological insulators
constitute examples of symmetry protected topological states in the absence of applied magnetic fields and cryogenic temperatures. A hallmark characteristic of these non-magnetic bulk insulators is their protected metallic Dirac fermion-like surface states. Electrons in these surface
states are spin polarized with their spins governed by their momentum, resulting in a helical spin texture in momentum space. Spin- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy has been the only tool capable of directly observing this central feature with simultaneous energy, momentum and spin sensitivity. By using an innovative photoelectron
spectrometer with a high-flux laser-based light source, we discovered a surprising property of these surface electrons. We found that the spin polarization of the resulting photoelectrons can be manipulated in three dimensions through selection of the light polarization. These effects are due to the spin-dependent interaction of the helical surface electrons with light, which originates from strong spin–orbit coupling. Our results illustrate unusual scenarios in which the spin polarization of photoelectrons is completely different from that of the originating initial states. The results also provide the basis for a source of highly spin-polarized electrons with tunable polarization direction.
Cuvinte cheie: topological insulator