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Application of immobilized waste brewery yeast cells for Cd2+ removal: Equilibrium and kinetics

Domenii publicaţii > Chimie + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Szende Tonk, Andrada Mãicãneanu, Cerasela Indolean, Silvia Burca, Cornelia Majdik

Editorial: Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society, 76 (3), p.363-373, 2011.


In this investigation, the removal of Cd2+ ions by a brewery waste biomass in immobilized (Ca-alginate beads) form was studied. The removal process was conducted at room temperature under batch conditions (magnetic stirring) using different initial cadmium concentrations. The equilibrium of biosorption was reached in 150 minutes for all employed initial concentrations. The maximum biosorption capacity was calculated to be 5.96 mg Cd2+ g-1 yeast for an initial Cd2+ concentration of 169 mg L-1. Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherms were used to correlate the equilibrium adsorption data. Based on the correlation coefficients, it was concluded that the Langmuir isotherm is more suitable for describing the equilibrium data of cadmium biosorption. In addition, first and pseudo-second order kinetic models were applied to describe the biosorption process. The kinetic parameters for the pseudo-second order kinetics were determined.

Cuvinte cheie: Saccharomyces cerevisiae, immobilization, cadmium biosorption, Freundlich and Langmuir models, kinetic models