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Autori: Duma V. F.
Editorial: Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures, 10(1), p.5-18, 2013.
Optical choppers with rotating wheels are some of the most used macroscopic optomechatronic devices for the controlled modulation, attenuation or obscuration of light in a wide area of applications. We discuss and compare the modulation functions produced by two types of chopper wheels: the classical device, with windows with linear edges, and the eclipse chopper (with windows with circular edges) that, to the best of our knowledge, we have introduced. This discussion is based on the analysis and the design we have previously developed for these various devices, for top-hat (constant over the entire section) light beam distributions. While the comparison of the different shapes of transmitted signals allows for the proper choice of the most appropriate device and parameters to obtain the modulation function that is fit for a certain application, the present work also presents the mechanical setup we have designed and manufactured for testing choppers with rotating wheels. A series of prototype wheels with different, optimized profiles were obtained for the purpose. The simulation and the electro-erosion programs for the wire electro-erosion of aluminum plates to manufacture the wheels are presented. An advantageous double wheel solution has been developed to obtain wheels with windows of different shapes and sizes, and the testing of this final assembly concludes the study.
Cuvinte cheie: optomechatronics, optical devices, choppers, modulation functions, modeling, simulations, mechanical design, prototypes, manufacturing, electro-erosion process