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An analysis of Sorghum halepense’s behavior in presence of tropane alkaloids from Datura stramonium extracts

BUTNARIU, M. An analysis of Sorghum halepense’s behavior in presence of tropane alkaloids from Datura stramonium extracts, Chemistry central journal, Volume: 6, Article Number: 75, Published: JUL 28 2012 (Accession Number: WOS: 000308021600001, PubMed ID: 22839364, ISSN: 1752–153X), Times Cited: 8 (from Web of Science Core Collection), IF(2014): 2.19.

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CHEMISTRY CENTRAL JOURNAL, ISSN: 1752-153X, Volume: 6, Article Number: 75, DOI: 10.1186/1752-153X-6-75, Published: JUL 28 2012

Abstract: Background: This study aimed to quantify the allelopathic potential of Datura stramonium (Jimson weed). Sorghum halepense (Johnsongrass) tolerance was assessed by germinating, seed and growing seedlings, dosing of photo-synthesis pigments, followed by treatment with D. stramonium extract tropane alkaloids. Results: Preliminary chemical analysis of the extracts showed the presence of alkaloids. The presence of alkaloids was confirmed through HPLC-UV system analysis. Various concentrations of analytic purity alkaloids had similar effects on germination and development of S. halepense’s root systems with those of extracts from of D. stramonium. Germination was not affected by any of the tested extracts, but growth was inhibited by the presence of tropane alkaloids. Extracts had effects at higher alkaloid concentrations. Seedlings of S. halepense developed toxicity symptoms in the presence of alkaloid extracts, but the occurrence of several chlorotic and necrotic areas was noticed in the flower extract biotest. Conclusions: Results show that the tested species is sensitive to alkaloids in their growth environment. This research justifies the fact that aqueous extracts from D. stramonium are adequate to the situations in which S. halepense becomes damaging.
Research Areas: Chemistry

Web of Science Categories: Chemistry, Multidisciplinary

Document Type: Article, Accession Number: WOS:000308021600001, PubMed ID: 22839364