Articolele autorului Sorin Tunaru
Link la profilul stiintific al lui Sorin Tunaru

Deorphanization of GPR109B as a receptor for the beta-oxidation intermediate 3-OH-octanoic acid and its role in the regulation of lipolysis

The orphan G-protein-coupled receptor GPR109B is the result of a recent gene duplication of the nicotinic acid and ketone body receptor GPR109A being found in humans but not in rodents. Like GPR109A, GPR109B is predominantly expressed in adipocytes and is supposed to mediate antilipolytic effects. Here we show that GPR109B serves as a receptor for the beta-oxidation intermediate 3-OH-octanoic acid, which has antilipolytic activity on human but not

Read more
Thyrocyte-specific Gq/G11 deficiency impairs thyroid function and prevents goiter development.

The function of the adult thyroid is regulated by thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), which acts through a G protein-coupled receptor. Overactivation of the TSH receptor results in hyperthyroidism and goiter. The Gs-mediated stimulation of adenylyl cyclase-dependent cAMP formation has been regarded as the principal intracellular signaling mechanism mediating the action of TSH. Here we show that the Gq/G11-mediated signaling pathway plays an unexpected

Read more
Characterization of determinants of ligand binding to the nicotinic acid receptor GPR109A (HM74A/PUMA-G).

The G-protein-coupled receptor GPR109A (HM74A/PUMA-G) has recently been shown to function as a receptor for nicotinic acid (niacin) and to mediate its antilipolytic effects. Nicotinic acid is able to strongly raise plasma levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, a property that distinguishes nicotinic acid from other lipid-lowering drugs. To investigate the structural determinants of GPR109A ligand binding, we performed site-directed mutagenesis

Read more
Comparative analysis of functional assays for characterization of agonist ligands at G protein-coupled receptors.

A variety of functional assays are available for agonist or antagonist screening of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), but it is a priori not predictable which assay is the most suitable to identify agonists or antagonists of GPCRs with therapeutic value in humans. More specifically, it is not known how a given set of GPCR agonists compares in different functional assays with respect to potency and efficacy and whether the level of the signaling

Read more
Sphingosine 1-phosphate and dioleoylphosphatidic acid are low affinity agonists for the orphan receptor GPR63.

Five high affinity G-protein-coupled receptors for sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) have been characterised so far (S1P(1,2,3,4,5) formerly referred to as edg1,5,3,6,8). In this study, we show that S1P, dihydro-sphingosine 1-phosphate (dihydro-S1P) and dioleoylphosphatidic acid (doPA) are agonists for the orphan receptor GPR63. All three phospholipids mobilise intracellular calcium in CHO cells transiently transfected with GPR63. Calcium signals required

Read more
PUMA-G and HM74 are receptors for nicotinic acid and mediate its anti-lipolytic effect

Nicotinic acid (niacin), a vitamin of the B complex, has been used for almost 50 years as a lipid-lowering drug. The pharmacological effect of nicotinic acid requires doses that are much higher than those provided by a normal diet. Its primary action is to decrease lipolysis in adipose tissue by inhibiting hormone-sensitive triglyceride lipase. This anti-lipolytic effect of nicotinic acid involves the inhibition of cyclic adenosine monophosphate

Read more