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Sphingosine 1-phosphate and dioleoylphosphatidic acid are low affinity agonists for the orphan receptor GPR63.

Domenii publicaţii > Biologie + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Niedernberg A, Tunaru S, Blaukat A, Ardati A, Kostenis E

Editorial: Cell Signal. , Apr;15(4):, p.435-46, 2003.


Five high affinity G-protein-coupled receptors for sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) have been characterised so far (S1P(1,2,3,4,5) formerly referred to as edg1,5,3,6,8). In this study, we show that S1P, dihydro-sphingosine 1-phosphate (dihydro-S1P) and dioleoylphosphatidic acid (doPA) are agonists for the orphan receptor GPR63. All three phospholipids mobilise intracellular calcium in CHO cells transiently transfected with GPR63. Calcium signals required cotransfection of a chimeric Galpha(q/i) protein in a fluorometric imaging plate reader (FLIPR) assay but did not require overexpressed G proteins in an aequorin assay, using a green fluorescent protein (GFP)-aequorin fusion protein as a bioluminescent Ca(2+) reporter. GPR63 expression in CHO cells confers proliferative responses to S1P in a pertussis toxin (PTX)-insensitive manner. Quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) indicated highest expression in brain, especially in the thalamus and the nucleus caudatus. In peripheral tissues, highest expression was observed in thymus, stomach and small intestine; lower abundance of transcripts was detected in kidney, spleen, pancreas and heart. The discovery that S1P, dihydro-S1P and dioleoylphosphatidic acid activate GPR63 will facilitate the identification of agonists and antagonists, and help to unravel the biological function of this receptor.

Cuvinte cheie: G-protein coupled receptor, lipid metabolism