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Astronomical age models for Pleistocene drift sediments from the western North Atlantic (ODP Sites 1055-1063)

Domenii publicaţii > Ştiinţele pământului şi planetare + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: J. Grützner, L. Giosan, S. O. Franz, R. Tiedemann, E. Cortijo, W. P. Chaisson, R. D. Flood, S. Hagen, L. D. Keigwin, S. Poli et al.

Editorial: Domenico Rio and Eve Arnold, Elsevier, Marine Geology, 189, 1-2, 2002.


Ten ODP sites drilled in a depth transect (2164¯4775 m water depth) during Leg 172 recovered high-deposition rate (>20 cm/kyr) sedimentary sections from sediment drifts in the western North Atlantic. For each site an age model covering the past 0.8¯0.9 Ma has been developed. The time scales have a resolution of 10¯20 kyr and are derived by tuning variations of estimated carbonate content to the orbital parameters precession and obliquity. Based on the similarity in the signature of proxy records and the spectral character of the time series, the sites are divided into two groups: precession cycles are better developed in carbonate records from a group of shallow sites (2164¯2975 m water depth, Sites 1055¯1058) while the deeper sites (2995¯4775 m water depth, Sites 1060¯1063) are characterized by higher spectral density in the obliquity band. The resulting time scales show excellent coherence with other dated carbonate and isotope records from low latitudes. Besides the typical Milankovitch cyclicity significant variance of the resulting carbonate time series is concentrated at millennial-scale changes with periods of about 12, 6, 4, 2.5, and 1.5 kyr. Comparisons of carbonate records from the Blake Bahama Outer Ridge and the Bermuda Rise reveal a remarkable similarity in the time and frequency domain indicating a basin-wide uniform sedimentation pattern during the last 0.9 Ma.

Cuvinte cheie: Pleistocene time scale; astronomical chronology; western North Atlantic; drift sediments; Ocean Drilling Program