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Heidegger, la mort et la totalité

Domenii publicaţii > Stiinte umaniste + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Cristian Ciocan

Editorial: Presses Universitaires de France, Revue philosophique de la France et de l'étranger, 134, p.291-309, 2009.


In this article, I focus on the relationship between totality and death, as it is exposed in Heidegger’s „Sein und Zeit”. I show first that Heidegger elaborates three concepts of totality : 1 / an existential-ontological totality which is a priori (the totality of the being-in-the world and care) ; 2 / an a posteriori totality of intra-mundane things made of parts ; and 3 / a temporal existential totality of existence lying « between » birth and death. Heidegger tries to solve the tension between an essential moment of the ontological totality (namely the «Being-ahead-of-itself)») and the existential totality composed of the not-yet which separates the Dasein from death. It occurs through the change of the concept of totality (Ganzheit) as all-being (Ganzsein), all-possible being (mögliche Ganzsein) and power to be all (Ganzseinkönnen), but also through the elaboration of the structural relationships between the idea of a totality and the idea of end, which implies a detailed analysis of several structural variations of such notions. While dealing with these matters, Heidegger refers to Plato’s, Aristotle’s and Husserl’s analyses.

Cuvinte cheie: Phenomenology, Heidegger, Death, Totality