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Migration and its Consequences for Romania

Domenii publicaţii > Ştiinţe sociale + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: István Horváth, Remus Gabriel Anghel

Editorial: Oldenburg Wissenschaftverlag, Südosteuropa, 57/4, p.386-403, 2009.


Romania registers as a country experiencing significant migration since 1990, with migration generating diversified effects on Romanian society. This article analyzes Romanian migration in the period after 1990, highlighting some of the most noticeable effects that international migration produces. Romanian migration is characterized by a high degree of self-organization, seeing changing causes and patterns of organization in each of the distinct periods after 1990. The first period, from 1990 to 1993, is characterized by migration to Germany with additional migration of Romanians heading toward a host of European countries, followed by a relatively stable period. After 1997, migration is argued to be caused by massive restructuring of the Romanian economy, which forced unemployed Romanians to migrate irregularly. After 2002, the pattern of Romanian migration altered yet again, as citizens of Romania were allowed to travel to EU countries without restrictions. Consequently, levels of migration increased massively. After 2007, Romanians benefited from EU accession. Accordingly, there were diverse consequences of this movement of migrants, including a significant in-flow of remittances, and measurable effects on the labor market that implied reorganization of households and of gender relations.

Cuvinte cheie: migraţie, efecte ale migraţiei, România // migration, effects of migration, Romania