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Autori: Gutkowska J, Granger JP, Lamarca BB, Danalache BA, Wang D, Jankowski M.
Editorial: J Hypertens., 6, p.1203-12, 2011.
OBJECTIVES: Chronic reduction of uteroplacental perfusion pressure (RUPP) in pregnant rats leads to placental ischemia, maternal endothelial cell dysfunction, hypertension and elevated levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha). In this study we investigated the hypothesis that placental ischemia in pregnant rat, a model of preeclampsia, stimulates cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis via a TNFalpha;-dependent mechanism.
METHODS: Normal pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats and RUPP rats were evaluated on day 19 of gestation. To test the role of TNF-alpha; in mediating change in the RUPP rat heart, a TNF-alpha; inhibitor, etanercept, was administered on day 18 of gestation at a dose of 0.8 mg/kg, s.c.
RESULTS: In comparison to normal pregnant rats, RUPP animals display enlarged cardiomyocytes, microvascular rarefaction, fibrosis, apoptosis as well as increased expression of markers of heart hypertrophy and fibrosis. Etanercept (E) treatment prevented enlargement of cardiomyocytes, fibrosis and apoptosis and this was accompanied by significantly lowered blood pressure in RUPP rats. Etanercept treatment lowered expression of mRNA for brain natriuretic peptide, a marker of cardiac hypertrophy. It also heightened expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase and its phosphorylation as well as oxytocin receptor identified in cardiac microvessels. TNF-alpha; inhibition prevented microvascular rarefaction in the heart as indicated by augmented CD31, a marker of angiogenesis.
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that RUPP leads to microvascular rarefaction in the heart, exaggerated cardiomyocyte size, apoptosis, fibrosis, and the alteration of cardiac gene expression that are modulated by the inflammatory cytokine TNF-alpha;.
Cuvinte cheie: RUPP cardiomyocytes placental ischemia // RUPP cardiomyocytes placental ischemia