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Comprendre et sens: La genèse ontologique du langage dans l’analytique du Dasein

Domenii publicaţii > Stiinte umaniste + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Ciocan C.

Editorial: PEETERS, LOUVAIN, Revue Philosophique de Louvain, 109, p.527-551, 2011.


In this article, we aim to trace the ontological genesis of language, as it is exposed by Martin Heidegger in Being and Time. The phenomenon of language is described in its rooting in the understanding (Verstehen), as existential structure that precedes and grounds it. We start with a clarification of this existentiale, emphasizing that understanding is not defined by the knowledge or cognition, as in the philosophical tradition, but by the idea of potentiality. Since the existential understanding is the articulation of any factical and concrete potentialiy-for-Being (Seinskönnen), the aim of our article is to sharply differentiate the ontological levels of this articulation: the possibility (Möglichkeit), the project (Entwurf), the fore-structure (Vor-Struktur), the ‘as’-structure (Als-Struktur), and the meaning (Sinn). Starting from this conceptual context, we are able to concretely describe the intertwining of the understanding and discourse (Rede), namely the existential-ontological origin of the speech (Sprache).

Cuvinte cheie: Language, Understanding, project, meaning, speech