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Regarding the procurement of lithic materials at the Neolithic site at Limba (Alba County, Romania): sources of local and imported materials

Domenii publicaţii > Stiinte umaniste + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în volumul unei conferinţe

Autori: Otis Crandell

Editorial: Kostov, R. I., Gaydarska, B., Gurova, Maria, Publishing House “St. Ivan Rilski”, Geoarchaeology and Archaeomineralogy. Proceedings of the International Conference, 29-30 October 2008 Sofia., p.36-45, 2008.


Over the past decade, research at the site of the Neolithic settlement at Limba, Alba County, western Romania, has uncovered numerous lithic artefacts. The focus of this study is to compare the material from which the chipped stone artefacts were made to known geological sources of similar lithic material. Within a day’s walking distance of the settlement there are numerous sources of lithic material suitable for producing artefacts. Within an area of several days’ walk or a day by boat, there are even more sources, some of very good quality material. This study has shown that although there are numerous local and near-local sources of lithic material, a large percentage of the artefacts appear to have been made from non-local materials, including sources as far away as the Prut River (in the Botosani County area), the area between the Carpathians and the Danube, and from the Western Carpathians (in the area of Hungary and Slovakia). The observations of this study suggest that the Limba settlement was part of an extensive trade network as reflected by the high percentage of non-local materials.

Cuvinte cheie: lithics, trade, provenance, microcrystalline quartz, obsidian, procurement