Inscriere cercetatori

Premii Ad Astra

premii Ad Astra

Asociația Ad Astra a anunțat câștigătorii Premiilor Ad Astra 2022: Proiectul și-a propus identificarea și popularizarea modelelor de succes, a rezultatelor excepționale ale cercetătorilor români din țară și din afara ei.

Asociatia Ad Astra a cercetatorilor romani lanseaza BAZA DE DATE A CERCETATORILOR ROMANI DIN DIASPORA. Scopul acestei baze de date este aceea de a stimula colaborarea dintre cercetatorii romani de peste hotare dar si cu cercetatorii din Romania. Cercetatorii care doresc sa fie nominalizati in aceasta baza de date sunt rugati sa trimita un email la

Mathematical model of horizontal divergence contribution to the integrated intensity of single crystal diffraction in XRD analysis of materials

Domenii publicaţii > Stiinte ingineresti + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Florina Violeta Anghelina, Vasile Bratu, Carmen Otilia Rusanescu, Ileana Nicoleta Popescu

Editorial: Computational Materials Science, 2014.


This paper examine a number of factors involved in the phenomena occurring into the interaction of X-rays and crystals. The mathematical modeling are the scientific way of proposal and implementation of analysis techniques based on previously models tested in laboratory. Normally, in diffraction experiments, a beam of incident X-ray radiation is simultaneously affecting both vertical divergence and horizontal divergence. To obtain more precise results after achieving structural analysis by X-ray diffraction on nanostructured materials is necessary to develop physical-mathematical model of Lorentz factor.

It is well known that in difractometry, horizontal divergence effects are “filtered” by the detector slit width and goniometric assembly geometry (Bragg–Brentano). These are explained by: (i) Soller slits (slits for the slot height d is much smaller than the slot length l, d ≪ l) does not limit the horizontal divergence of the incident beam, but limit on the vertical one and (ii) the horizontal openings of diffracted radiation measuring device (detector) are about 0.25 mm for a distance of about 35 cm from the crystal detector. As a result, the horizontal divergence strongly influences the integrated intensity at high angles, when cos θ take low values.

Considering the importance of horizontal divergence on the integrated intensity diffraction, the aim of this paper is to obtain a physical–mathematical model that quantify through a mathematical formula, the horizontal divergence contribution to the integrated intensity of a single crystal diffraction.

Cuvinte cheie: design, synthesis, processing, characterization, and utilization of materials