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Oxidative protection of hemoglobin and hemerythrin by cross-linking with a nonheme iron peroxidase: Potentially improved oxygen carriers for use in blood substitutes

Domenii publicaţii > Biologie + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Hathazi, D., Mot, A.C., Vaida, A., Scurtu, F., Lupan, I., Fischer-Fodor, E., Damian, G., Kurtz, D.M., Silaghi-Dumitrescu, R.

Editorial: American Chemical Society, Biomacromolecules, 15(5), p.1920-1927, 2014.


The nonheme peroxidase, rubrerythrin, shows the ability to reduce hydrogen peroxide to water without involving strongly oxidizing and free-radical creating powerful oxidants such as compounds I and II [formally Fe(IV)] formed in peroxidases and catalases. Rubrerythrin could, therefore, be a useful ingredient in protein-based artificial oxygen carriers. Here, we report that the oxygen-carrying proteins, hemoglobin (Hb) and hemerythrin (Hr), can each be copolymerized with rubrerythrin using glutaraldehyde yielding high molecular weight species. These copolymers show additional peroxidase activity compared to Hb-only and Hr-only polymers, respectively and also generate lower levels of free radicals in reactions that involve hydrogen peroxide. Tests on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) reveal slightly better performance of the Rbr copolymers compared to controls, as measured at 24h, but not at later times.

Cuvinte cheie: hemoglobin, hemerythrin, blood substitutes