Scopul nostru este sprijinirea şi promovarea cercetării ştiinţifice şi facilitarea comunicării între cercetătorii români din întreaga lume.
Autori: Romulus-Catalin DAMACEANU
Editorial: Tesionline, 2005.
The doctoral thesis is entitled “The exchange rate regime and the international trade” and studies the inter conditional relation between the exchange rates regime and the international trade using an inter-disciplinary vision that contains knowledge from four different disciplines: economics, history, mathematics and computers sciences.
In chapter 1, it is analyzed the pure theory of international trade. The fundamental objective was to signal the incomplete characteristics of this theory that make abstraction of monetary factor.
In chapter 2, it is analyzed the main theoretical approaches of the international taking into consideration the monetary factor. The scope was to identify the level of scientific knowledge, the weak and strong points and the possible directions of the next developments.
In chapters 3, 4 and 5, it it is done a historical analysis of the relation between the exchange rates regime and the international trade. This investigation signaled, on one hand, the importance of interdisciplinary studies in order to avoid the tendencies of simplifying, of abstractions, of making such theories with no practical utility. On the other hand, this type of analyze was necessary to make a right test of the conclusions of experiments.
In chapter 6, we model the relation between the exchange rate and the international trade. The process of modeling followed the next steps: a) defining the object of research (the relation exchange rate regime-the international trade) and the precise task of the model (to find an exchange rate regime in order to obtain an optimal volume of the international trade); b) describing the concepts, the indicators and other relevant information; c) studying and selecting of the main elements and connections of the researched phenomenon; d) elaborating the hypothesis and the restrictions of the factors and of the entire studied phenomenon; e) determining the criteria of the most efficient variant; f) constructing the model.
In chapter 7, we simulated the correlation exchange rate-international trade using experiments. In conclusion, we can tell that a fixed or relative narrow pegging exchange rate regime can assure a faster growing of international trade with the condition that the national economies within the world economy are functional in the sense of not having economic crisis. On the other hand, a national economy in crisis should choose a floating exchange rate or relative broader pegging regime because, under these conditions, these regimes prove to assure better economic performances.
Cuvinte cheie: comert international, rata de schimb, modelare matematica // international trade, exchange rate, mathematical modelling, simulation experiments