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Nobilimea româneascã din Banatul Lugojului şi Caransebeşului în secolele XVI-XVII.Studii de caz: familiile Bekes, Iojica, Vaida şi Mãcicaşi

Domenii publicaţii > Stiinte umaniste + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în volumul unei conferinţe

Autori: Sorin Bulboaca

Editorial: Susana Andea , Presa Universitara Clujeana, Anuarul Institutului de Istorie George Bariţ”, Series Historica, Cluj-Napoca, XLIII, p.57-67. , 2004.


The privileges of Romanian districts, princes and nobles were renewed several times in the XVIth-XVIIth centuries by Queen Isabella in 1551 and by prince Gabriel Bathory in 1609. On the other hand, in the interval 1551-1658, Lugoj and Caransebes were fiscal goods (fact confirmed also by Constitutiile Aprobate ale Transilvaniei in 1653), fact that conferred them a special statute. These privileges were generally respected by the princes of Transylvania and conferred the banat of Lugoj and Caransebes a special statute: that of “Romanian country” from the political, administrative point of view, too, not only demographically. The mountainous Banat strengthened its autonomy and individuality also by the fact that almost all official rulers: bans, vice-bans, lords of castles, district chief of Severin, nobiliary county lords, commander of Caransebes garrison, notaries etc., were recruited from the local Romanian nobles, being a unique fact in this respect, in the context of the history of Transylvania principality.
It is impossible to present exhaustively the history of noble families in Banat, that needs special studies, inclusively genealogically, as it involves more than 100 families of Romanian princes and nobles, mentioned in documents as owning estates in the banat of Lugoj and Caransebes: Bizere, Macicas, Bekes, Josika, Vaida, Fiat de Armenis, Peica, Garlesteanu de Rudaria, Floca, Duma de Tincova, Gaman, Racovita, Latug, Barcsai, Basaraba, Bobic, Bratovan, Bucosnita, Bortun, Buitul, Halici, Ivul, Kun, Lazar, Lucaci, Matniceanu, Moise, Olah, Palatici de Ilidia, Simon, Strajan etc. We proposed only to highlight the main Romanian noble families, that played an important role in the political life of Banat or Transylvania, presenting the positions, the high offices held by the most important representatives of the following: Bekes, Josika, Vaida, Macicas, Fiat de Armenis, Peica, Racovita, Garlisteanu, Gaman, Floca. The minute reconstitution of the history of Romanian nobles in the banat of Lugoj and Caransebes of the XVIth-XVIIth centuries will remain an objective of the Romanian Medievalist study.

Cuvinte cheie: Banat, nobil, familii, privilegii // Banat, noble, Families, privilleges