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Dynamics of the environmental transformation processes during 1990-2006 in Romania reflected by land cover and use changes

Domenii publicaţii > Biologie + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Petrisor AI

Editorial: Present Environment and Sustainable Development, 6(1), p.353-365, 2012.


The relationship between the natural and anthropic components of territorial systems or complexes of coupled socio-economic and natural systems is changing in time under the effect of socio-economic and political drivers. One way of looking at it is through the changes of land cover and use, which are connected also to the dynamics of the eco-energies during the anthropization process. The aim of this paper is to perform an analysis of long-term land cover and use changes of the Romanian territory, hypothesizing that the transition period, with its more or less benefic economic periods, was characterized by an uncontrolled development resulting in important environmental impacts. The results confirm the hypothesis and underline several phenomena; some of them are antagonistic (decline and development of agriculture, deforestation and afforestation or reforestation), and others, such as urbanization, seem to occur mainly in one direction. The most affected areas are the limit of North-East and Center regions (due to deforestations) and the area around Bucharest and the shoreline (due to urbanization).

Cuvinte cheie: territorial system, land management, environmental deterioration, uncontrolled development, anthropization, CORINE