Articolele autorului Mugurel Constantin Rusu
Link la profilul stiintific al lui Mugurel Constantin Rusu

Quiescent satellite glial cells of the adult trigeminal ganglion

Sensory ganglia comprise functional units built up by neurons and satellite glial cells (SGCs). In animal species there was proven the presence of neuronoglial progenitor cells in adult samples. Such neural crest-derived progenitors were found in immunohistochemistry (IHC). These findings were not previously documented in transmission electron microscopy (TEM). It was thus aimed to assess in TEM if cells of the human adult trigeminal ganglion indeed

Read more
Intrinsic neuroendocrine cells in the outer wall of the human pyriform recess

The extrinsic neural supply of the hypopharynx is well established. However, little is known about the intrinsic neurons and neuroendocrine cells (NECs) of the human hypopharynx that are under the influence of the extrinsic nerves. We aimed to identify and characterize such cell populations within the outer wall of the pyriform recess. We applied antibodies for neuron-specific enolase (NSE), calretinin (CR) and neurofilaments (NF) to autopsy samples

Read more
Variable relations of the trochlear nerve with the pontomesencephalic segment of the superior cerebellar artery

The superior cerebellar artery (SCA) is, perhaps, the most anatomically constant cerebellar artery which, in its lateral pontomesencephalic course, is crossed above by the trochlear nerve (CNIV). The SCA may determine, as an offending vessel, CNIV compression and superior oblique myokymia and thus surgical decompression may be indicated. In this regard an accurate knowledge of the variational possibilities of the SCA-CNIV is needed. Such rare neurovascular

Read more
Skin telopodes
CD146- and CD105-positive phenotypes of retinal ganglion cells. Are these in situ proofs of neuronal regeneration?

The in vivo identity of stem cells is not yet clear. Numerous studies involve the perivascular niches as providers of stem cells during regenerative processes. CD146, in humans, as well as gicerin, at chicken, play roles in neuronal development and neurites extension. CD146 is a marker of stemness but also a pericytary marker. Stem cells in vascular niches can differentiate in neural cells. By applying CD146 and CD105 antibodies on human retinas

Read more
Stem potentialities of the human iris – An in situ immunohistochemical study.

According to recent findings multiple human tissues harbor stem cells which, in turn, have different levels of stemness. We performed an immunohistochemical study on paraffin-embedded samples to test if the in situ stromal cells of the iris of the human eye (EI) have immune stem/progenitor phenotypes. Eviscerated post-traumatic eyes from eight patients were studied. These irises were found to contain fibroblastoid stromal cells with a CD34+/CD45+/CD105+/CD117+/DOG1+/PDGFR-α+/vimentin+/nestin-/collagen

Read more
Immunohistochemistry of a choroidal melanoma: nestin, CD34 and CD117÷c-kit labeling

In a case of choroidal melanoma (CM) in a 70-year-old male patient, was firstly aimed at studying the processes of angiogenesis by use of nestin and CD34 antibodies. Anti-CD117÷c-kit antibodies were further considered for their progenitor cells specificity. Choroidal melanoma was histopathologically confirmed. Nestin-positive endothelia were found in the CM and the adjacent retina, but not in endothelia elsewhere in that eye. Nestin-positive non-pigmentary

Read more
Precursor and interstitial Cajal cells in the human embryo liver

Interstitial Cajal Cells (ICCs) were only proven in human adult hepatic tissue. The immune phenotypes of various cell types in the human embryonic liver (HEL) are scarcely described. It was hypothesized that in HEL ICCs are present and distinctive to the precursor/progenitor cells populations. It was aimed and performed a qualitative study of HEL by use of antibodies against CD117/c-kit, CD31, CD34, CD90, CD105, DOG1, Ki67, and adiponectin. Five

Read more
Suburothelial interstitial cells

The suburothelium has received renewed interest because of its role in sensing bladder fullness. Various studies evaluated suburothelial myofibroblasts (MFs), interstitial cells (ICs), interstitial Cajal cells (ICCs) or telocytes (TCs), which resulted in inconsistencies in terminology and difficulties in understanding the suburothelial structure. In order to elucidate these issues, the use of electron microscopy seems to be an ideal choice. It was

Read more
Early onset of podocytes apoptosis – a TEM study in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats

Cell death types are usually defined by morphological criteria. Even though podocyte loss is associated with various cell death mechanisms, podocyte apoptosis is rarely detected. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether morphological signs of apoptotic cell death could be detected in early streptozotocin-induced diabetes in rats kidneys. There were used five Wistar rats, and renal tissue samples were drawn after three weeks of disease and

Read more