Articolele autorului Gertrude-Emilia Costin
Link la profilul stiintific al lui Gertrude-Emilia Costin

Cellular and Molecular Mechanisms Involved in the Action of Vitamin D Analogs Targeting Vitiligo Depigmentation

The active metabolite of vitamin D3 - 1,25-(OH)2D3 - exerts most of its physiological and pharmacological actions through its nuclear receptor (VDR), regulating the transcriptional machinery of a variety of cell types. Basic research motivated by the detection of VDR in numerous target cells, has indicated potential therapeutic applications of VDR ligands in osteoporosis, cancer, secondary hyperparathyroidism and autoimmune diseases such as psoriasis,

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Molecular mechanisms and therapeutics concerning acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
Tumoral markers in cancer
Investigation of the intracellular transport of tyrosinase and tyrosinase related protein (TRP-1). The effect of endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-glucosidases inhibition

Melanin biosynthesis is completely inhibited in the B16 melanoma cells following their incubation with inhibitors of the two ER glucosidases. This is primarily due to the inactivation of tyrosinase. Under the same conditions, the DOPA-oxidase activity of TRP-1 was only partially affected. In this report we investigate the effects of the perturbation of N-glycan processing in ER on the transport and activation of tyrosinase and TRP-1. We have localized

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Inhibitors of N-linked glycoproteins biosynthesis and processing
The etiology of oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) type II: the pink protein modulates the processing and transport of tyrosinase

Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is caused by reduced or deficient melanin pigmentation in the skin, hair, and eyes. OCA has different phenotypes resulting from mutations in distinct pigmentation genes involved in melanogenesis. OCA type 2 (OCA2), the most common form of OCA, is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the P gene, the function(s) of which is controversial. In order to elucidate the mechanism(s) involved in OCA2, our group

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pH-sensitive liposomes are efficient carriers for endoplasmic reticulum targeted drugs in mouse melanoma cells

Tyrosinase, the key enzyme of melanin biosynthesis, is inactivated in melanoma cells following the incubation with the imino-sugar N-butyldeoxynojirimycin, an inhibitor of the endoplasmic reticulum N-glycosylation processing. We have previously shown that tyrosinase inhibition requires high NB-DNJ concentrations, suggesting an inefficient cellular uptake of the drug. Here we show that the use of pH-sensitive liposomes composed of dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine

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“Makoto Seiji memorial lecture”: The melanosome: an ideal model to study cellular differentiation” (review)

Melanosomes provide an intriguing model for study at many levels. In part this is due to their unique structure and function, but also in part to their involvement in pigmentary diseases and as a model to study basic cellular mechanisms of organelle biogenesis. Recent studies have elucidated the full proteome of the melanosome and the metabolic and molecular lesions involved in a number of pigmentary diseases have been resolved. This paper summarizes

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Tyrosinase processing and intracellular trafficking is disrupted in mouse primary melanocytes carrying the underwhite (uw) mutation. A model for oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) Type 4

Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) type 4 is a newly identified human autosomal recessive hypopigmentary disorder that disrupts pigmentation in the skin, hair and eyes. Three other forms of OCA have been previously characterized, each resulting from the aberrant processing and/or sorting of tyrosinase, the enzyme critical to pigment production in mammals. The disruption of tyrosinase trafficking occurs at the level of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in

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Regulation of melanocortin 1 receptor expression at the mRNA and protein levels by its natural agonist and antagonist

Five melanocortin receptors, which form a subfamily of G protein-coupled receptors, are expressed in mammalian tissues and regulate such diverse physiological processes as pigmentation, adrenal function, energy homeostasis, feeding efficiency, and sebaceous gland lipid production, as well as immune and sexual function. Pigmentation in mammals is stimulated by alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH), which binds to the melanocortin 1 receptor (Mc1r)

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